Understand the dangers of household waste and how to deal with it

Understand the dangers of household waste and how to deal with it

We currently know that the problem of environmental damage is the most urgent problem to be dealt with. One of them comes from domestic waste which is still discussed.

The reason is, domestic waste or the waste that originates from this house is the result of human activity at home. This can come from the bathroom, kitchen and other places in the house. It is necessary to have a proper management of domestic waste to be able to reduce environmental pollution.

Therefore, this article will discuss more about household waste and how to properly treat it so that it can reduce environmental pollution. Check out the following article!

What is household waste?

Domestic solid waste
Domestic solid waste (Photo: Freepik)

In general, household waste is residual material produced by humans from their daily activities. This type of waste is also often referred to as household waste. More people, more household waste in an area.

Therefore, the waste produced by every house is a serious concern by the government because it can have a negative impact on the surrounding environment if it is not treated properly. Meanwhile, the community must also be smart in managing and cleaning their respective homes from household waste.

We can see good waste management efforts by the Japanese Government, where the country has realized 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle) good. This is a particular concern of the Indonesian government at this time. Even recently, many housing developers have implemented sustainable life such as Gardens at Candi Sawangan.

Also read: Here’s how to apply Sustainable living from home

Types of household waste

Household waste is of several types that are usually generated by households. Of course, these types of waste are produced every day by humans, as long as they do their daily activities.

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Here are some common types of household waste:

1. Solid waste

Solid waste
Illustration of solid waste (Photo: Freepik)

Solid waste is one of the most common types of waste generated by households. This waste is classified as waste that is difficult to break down in the environment. So it is highly recommended to do recycling for households that have solid waste/garbage.

Examples of this type of household waste include:

  • Plastic waste
  • Rest
  • Drinking bottle
  • Take out
  • Used wooden furniture
  • Scrap cloth
  • iron metal
  • Unused broken machine
  • rubbish
  • Remaining office equipment

2. Liquid Waste

Liquid waste
Illustration of liquid waste (Photo: Freepik)

In addition to solid waste, research waste is a type of waste that is also produced by many households every day. This type of waste is very dangerous and can damage the fertility of the surrounding environment.

If the community and the government do not treat this liquid waste properly, the impact will be very harmful. This is related to the chemical content of various liquid wastes.

Examples of this type of household waste include:

  • Detergent waste water
  • Rest of the drinks
  • Kitchen water
  • Solvent
  • Urine
  • Used oil
  • waste AC
  • Waste water from washing meat, fruit and vegetables

3. Waste gas

Waste Gas
Illustration of waste gas (Photo: Freepik)

This type of waste compared to the other two types of waste is relatively less produced by each house. In general, this type of waste is generated by activities such as animal husbandry, the use of freon and motorized vehicles.

However, the gas must also be properly treated so that the waste produced does not have a negative impact on the surrounding environment. The one that produces gaseous waste is also activated by global warming that makes the ozone layer in the atmosphere thinner and thinner.

Examples of this type of household waste include:

  • Carbon monoxide gas (CO).
  • Carbon dioxide gas (CO2)
  • methane gas (CH4)
  • Ammonia gas (NH3)
  • Freon waste
  • Hydrocarbons
  • exhaust factory smoke
  • Vehicle smoke
  • dust
  • Whoops

The impact of domestic waste in different aspects

Impact of household waste
Impact of untreated household waste (Photo: Freepik)

Domestic waste is often something that is not paid much attention so that its disposal is neglected without treatment. If it continues, it can pollute various environmental conditions such as water, land and air. This results in conditions that are not healthy for life.

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So, here are some of the impacts of household waste that affect different aspects:

1. Health aspect

Waste that is removed by not processing it first can have a negative impact on health. Many diseases arise as a result of untreated waste. Such as diarrhea, typhus, cholera and many fungal diseases.

The aspect of health is the most important in life. Thus, it is recommended that the waste generated by households is treated first to maintain the health of the surrounding environment.

2. Environmental Aspect

We often know that environmental damage is caused by improper handling of waste. This causes the environment in a certain area to be easily polluted and damaged due to unprocessed waste.

If this continues, the damaged environment can cause different types of disasters, such as floods, landslides, to cause unpleasant smells. Therefore, it is highly recommended for all people to do 3R (reduce, reuse, recycle) waste before being disposed of.

3. Social and economic aspects

Although it does not have a direct impact, the management of domestic waste that is not optimal can have a negative impact on social and economic conditions. The greater the number of diseases that arise from waste, the higher the cost of health that must be owned.

So, of course, the treatment of waste is very important not to cause different losses that have an impact on the social and economic aspects of the community.

Read also: This is the Criteria for an Eco-Friendly House!

How to treat household waste correctly

Domestic waste treatment
Waste treatment (Photo: Freepik)

The proper treatment of domestic waste certainly needs to be done to reduce the worsening environmental damage. This is the responsibility of each community that occupies an area.

However, each type of waste has its own way of processing so that the results are optimal. Here are some ways you can handle household waste by type:

1. Solid waste treatment

In general, in the treatment of solid waste, you can do the following steps:

The management of solid waste or solid waste in the early stages is usually done by sorting the waste first. For those of you who have a home with some extra soil, you can use the waste in compost.

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As for other solid waste, such as paper, plastic and used cans, you need to sort them before they are finally cleared. This is because there is a lot of residual waste that can be reused for other purposes.

After you have collected and chosen which waste you want to reuse, it is time for you to collect it in a special container. Generally, this stage is carried out in the garden in front of the house so that the garbage does not fall.

This must be done properly so that in the next stage, all the waste you have chosen can be directly treated properly. It should be noted that the container you use must be closed and waterproof so that it is easy to transport and will not cause diseases in the future.

After collecting the garbage, it is time for the garbage collection stage to be carried out by the local cleaning staff. The waste or refuse will later be transported to a Temporary Disposal Site (TPS) before being further processed.

  • Waste treatment with 3R

The last stage of solid waste treatment is to transform it with the 3R concept. In the last stage, the Final Disposal Site (TPA) again selects which waste can be recycled and which waste must be scorched immediately.

This method is certainly effective in reducing the damage caused by household waste.

2. Treatment of Liquid Waste

In contrast to solid waste, liquid waste comes from daily household activities such as bathing, washing clothes, etc. Of course, to treat this kind of waste needs its own way.

Liquid waste from households should be processed in such a way that there is no environmental pollution around. The highly recommended way to treat liquid waste is to make dirty water channels and make infiltration tanks or containers.

In this way, the used liquid that is not used is not directly discharged into the public sewer. So that later can better protect the environment so as not to be contaminated by harmful chemicals.

So a discussion of the dangers and ways of processing household waste that you can do. If you are interested in having a home free from destructive household waste, Gardens at Candi Sawangan is the answer. Please contact us for more information here.