Types of Wood for Furniture – Lamudi
At first furniture or household furniture were made with intact solid wood. In addition to being more durable and long-lasting, solid wood material is also more load-resistant. Due to the increasingly limited supply of wood, today many people make furniture with cheaper and more environmentally friendly alternative raw materials. Currently, the type of wood for furniture made of solid materials is increasingly scarce, so even the waste of the wood industry itself is used and transformed into plywood, MDF, HDF, particle board and then made into home furniture . Although the external appearance is almost the same, there are many differences that you need to know before choosing the type of wood for home furniture.
Types of solid wood for furniture
Material solid wood it is the strongest material for furniture and the most durable compared to processed wood. In addition to being able to be disassembled several times, the appearance of solid wood furniture is also very beautiful so that not a few are even exported abroad. However, due to limited raw materials, the price of solid wood material is quite expensive and its production requires special skills. In addition, solid wood must be properly dried to prevent deformation (expansion, shrinking, cracking, weathering) and given coating o finishing with an anti-termite drug to extend the life of solid wood furniture.
There are many types of solid wood that are widely used for furniture, such as teak, nyatoh wood, sungkai wood and many other types of wood such as mahogany, pine, ramin and cedar. This type of wood certainly has different characteristics from each other. The following describes the characteristics as your reference in choosing the type of solid wood for furniture
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Teak wood for the furniture
It is a type of premium wood from the tropical forests of Southeast Asia, which is why it is widely used as indoor and outdoor furniture. This wood has an oil coating on the wood grain that is water resistant. This oil also causes teak wood for furniture It still looks shiny and resistant to being left long-term even outdoors. It is red-brown in color and turns light brown after exposure to sunlight. Its anti-bacterial properties make this wood not easily weathered, so maintenance is relatively easy. In addition, this wood has a thick fiber, so it is quite easy in the process of working on furniture, both in cutting and carving, but it is strong against impacts.
Nyatoh wood for furniture
The nyatoh type of wood has a finer grain than meranti wood, the fiber is straight, smooth, the structure is beautiful, and the character is similar to teak. With a reddish brown color slightly lighter than teak, this type is often referred to as young teak. Many are found in Riau province, nyatoh wood for furniture is also durable because it is resistant to termite attack.
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Sungkai wood for furniture
If you want an alternative to teak wood because it has a high price, you can look at Sungkai wood for furniture. If you prefer a lighter wood color and are intended for the interior, then this type of wood is the right choice. However, the price offered is a bit higher than nyatoh wood.
Mahogany wood for furniture
Although the price of raw mahogany logs is cheaper than teak, the price of mahogany for furniture in the field is actually more expensive than teak. This is due to the great demand for exports because of the fiber, its fine pores, and its most beautiful red-brown color.
Pine wood for furniture
Pine is a type of wood that is easy to get at an affordable price. The characteristic of this wood is that it has a bright color with fine fibers. Although this wood is easily attacked by fungus, pine is very easy to make furniture. Pine wood also enters the wood that is classified as soft, making it easier to cut in the manufacture of furniture.
To outsmart the nature of wood that is easily attacked by fungi and soft, there are several methods used by furniture manufacturers. That is to say dried directly after the pine wood is felled and apply a laminate to wide areas on the furniture made from pine wood.
Ramin wood for furniture
In the next type of wood, there is a type of wood that trees are abundant in Kalimantan and Sumatra, which has a characteristic yellow-white color inside. The structure is rather smooth and uniform and easy to work with, it is not only used for furniture, but also for frames, moldings, veneers, etc.
Cedar wood for furniture
The wood, which is also known as Aras in Indonesian, is a plant whose habitat is in the Himalayas and the Mediterranean. Having a type of leaf that is sharp and green throughout the year, the wood produced is resistant to cold and rainy weather. Known for having good humidity so it does not rot easily, this wood also has a fresh and sweet aroma. This type of wood is also known to be resistant to termites and insects and can absorb moisture and odors because it contains resin in it. This type of wood is widely chosen as a raw material for clothing and shoes.
Types of Plywood / Plywood / Multiplex For Furniture
Type compensated / compensated for the furniture is treated with wood that we usually know as triplex o multiplex. Plywood is formed from several sheets of wood that are glued together under high pressure. The thickness varies from 3 mm, 4 mm, 9 mm and 18 mm and the area is 244 x 122 cm. The thickness of the plywood determines its strength and stability
This type of plywood is more widely used as a material for the manufacture of kitchen sets, cabinets, tables and beds. Because plywood has a smooth surface and does not have a distinctive fiber, sometimes it must be given additional coatings such as friends (thin slices of wood), PVCo melamine. Plywood is cheaper than solid wood, but more expensive than other processed wood.
Jenis Kayu Blockboard / Teakblock / Laminboard
Blockboard is a piece of wood in small squares (about 2.5 – 5 cm) that is compacted by machine and given venner coating on both sides so that it becomes a sheet that resembles a table. The thickness can be 12 mm, 15 mm and 18 mm and the area is equal to the multiplex.
Blockboard is generally made of soft wood so it is not as strong as plywood. This type of wood for furniture costs a little less than plywood. The most widely available type of block board is teak block (a blockboard that uses a layer of teak veneer). Good enough to make shelves, cabinets or kitchen sets. Plywood also known as blockboard, but has a thinner middle layer with a cut of 5-8 mm.
Material Wood Particles / Particle Board
The type of wood particle (particle board) made of wood residue such as sawdust, small pieces of wood, wood chips and chemicals resin glued under high pressure and then dried. The process is more or less the same as MDF, only the MDF material is smoother and more uniform, while the wood particle type is thicker and more irregular.
In the finishing process, the raw material for the wood particle cannot be painted or coated because of its rough texture. Thus to cover the coated surface layer veneer, laminated o fancy paper laminate glued Also be careful because particle boards cannot be joined with ordinary nails or screws. Usually, factories use a type of adhesive or special screws to install furniture made from particle boards.
Although it is cheaper and lighter, the furniture of this type of wood cannot be disassembled too often because it is prone to damage to the joints.
MDF wood (Medium density fibreboard) & HDF (High Density Fibre)
Type of wood MDF (medium density fiberboard) made of fine wood dust and chemicals resin glued and compacted under high temperature and pressure. The type of wood used for furniture is usually taken from plantation wood or bamboo. This makes MDF wood more environmentally friendly. The form is in the form of boards or sheets that are ready to be cut according to the needs. A denser and more powerful version is known as HDF (high density fiberboard). The difference between MDF and HDF in general is in their density where MDF has a density of 600-800 kg/m³ and HDF above 800 kilograms per cubic meter.
The MDF is very flexible which makes it easy to shape. Size and strength are consistent. However, because it uses resin chemicals, MDF is heavier than plywood and particle board. In the market, the MDF has a very varied type of finish, from paint to wood, veneer, PVC, HPL or paper laminate. Colors and patterns can be made very different,
Types of wood for furniture made from MDF and HDF are the most sold because the price of the raw material is the cheapest. However, like the particle board, the furniture of this raw material has a short life because it is very vulnerable to the articles.
So varied types of wood for furniture which is widely used, in the process of making the furniture itself. Of course, today there are also many pieces of furniture made with materials other than wood, such as plastic, metal or other materials. However, wooden furniture remains in great demand because of its uniqueness. For tips on how to care for wooden furniture, read the following article.