Lampung Traditional Houses: Types, Architectural Meanings, Parts and Pictures of Houses

Lampung Traditional Houses: Types, Architectural Meanings, Parts and Pictures of Houses

Lampung Traditional House
Source: lightgung

Types, architectural meanings and images of traditional Lampung houses.

Lampung is the southernmost province of Sumatra. Due to its appearance, this province is quite busy, mainly due to the activities of people entering and leaving the island of Sumatra. The total area of ​​the province is 33,553 km2. It has two big cities, namely Bandar Lampung and Metro, and is followed by 13 districts.

Most of the people of Lampung are ethnic groups indigenous to Lampung. But there are also immigrants from Javanese and Sundanese. You can find different cultures here, such as the traditional house of Lampung.

You might think that the traditional house of Lampung Province is only Nuwo Sesat. In fact, there are five types. Each traditional house also has its own architectural form and meaning.

Well, the following is an explanation of the traditional houses of Lampung, complete with pictures.

Nuwo Sesat Custom House

Image of Lampung Traditional House (Nuwo Sesat House) Source: wikipedia

As they said, Nuwo Sesat is the most famous traditional house in Lampung. This house is also often called the Great Hall Heresy. In Indonesian, Nuwo Sesat means a hall that is used for various events, especially local traditional events.

Architecture and Parts of Lampung Nuwo Sesat Traditional House

This traditional house is in the form of a house on stilts. The main material is wood. There are several sections with their respective philosophies and functions.

Ijan Geladak is the entrance door to the house. The shape is in the form of a ladder called Rurung Agung. In traditional ceremonies, this section is used by guards to guard the entrance.

Also in some ceremonies, important guests are greeted by a dance before going up to the Ijan Geladak.

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After boarding at the Ijan Deck, you will find a Pavilion or Porch. This place is usually used for deliberation or just resting while enjoying the wind blowing. At important events, the Pavilion is also used to welcome guests.

The Pasiban hall is a sacred space that can only be entered by dignitaries or distinguished guests. This room is usually used by them for deliberations on important matters, for example planning ceremonies or traditional activities carried out.

Lampung has a musical art called Gamelan Lampung. Now the Tetabuhan Hall is used to store the musical instrument. Uniquely, this Lampung Gamelan is inspired by the Javanese Gamelan because the place between these two islands is close to each other.

Basically, the Nuwo Sesat House was not built for ordinary people, but for high level officials/leaders who want deliberations. When making the deliberation, the time spent can be days, therefore, Sala Gajah Merem was created.

Inspired by the elephant, which is believed by the people of Lampung as a leader. Combined with the word Merem, it means a leader who needs a break.

Traditional House of Lampung Province Slow Balak

Picture of Lampung Traditional House (Lampung Balak Traditional House) Source: tourismpesawarankab

Second, there is the Lamban Balak Traditional House belonging to the Saibatin Tribe. This traditional house is located on Tabuan Island, Cukuh Balak District, precisely where the Saibatin Tribe is located.

Although the times are more modern, this house is still preserved by its residents. This can be seen in the recent construction of the Slow Balak House. It must maintain its traditional values.

Slow Balak House Architecture

Like Nuwo Sesat, the traditional house of Lampung Province is in the form of a house on stilts. However, Lamban Balak is often found as a home for local residents.

This house was built with a roof made of fibers. On the floor, the material is bamboo or wood. While on the walls with wood. The wood used is the type of klutum, bekhatteh and belala.

Lazy Home Parts

There are many parts of the traditional house of Lamban Balak, such as:

  • Jan: it’s a staircase as access to the entrance. Jan is protected by the roof so he doesn’t get rained/heated.
  • Lepau: also called Bekahanda which is an open room or porch. Usually used to relax.
  • Luakh Field: This room is more closed than the other rooms. This is because this room is used for deliberation.
  • Lapang Lom: family room
  • Bikik Kebik: main bedroom usually occupied by parents
  • Tebelayakh: a slightly smaller second chamber.
  • Sekhudu: a room that only women can enter
  • Panggakh: room used to place traditional objects. Examples include broken items, traditional weapons and heirlooms.
  • Dapokh: a place to store cooking ingredients, even cooking
  • Gakhang: a place to wash dishes.
  • Bah Lamban: under the house to store agricultural tools until harvest
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The Traditional House of Nuwo Balak from Lampung

Source: infoplg

Third, there is the house of Nuwo Balak. This traditional house of Bangka Belitung is often found in Lampung. Also called the Keratun Hall, it is usually occupied by the usual holders or purwatin.

The architecture of Nuwo Balak’s house

The shape of this traditional house from Lampung is a house on stilts. The size of the house is about 30 x 15 meters. The main material to make this house, especially the floors and walls, is wood.

Part of the house of Nuwo Balak

The following are the parts of the Nuwo Balak House:

  • Lawang Kuri: door / door of the house
  • Ijan Delakad: a staircase equipped with a roof
  • Pavilion: foyer used for meetings/relaxation
  • Pasiban: the main room used for deliberation
  • Lapang Agung: a room only for women
  • Kebik Temen or Kebik Kerumpu: the main bed of the child (ground balance)
  • Kebik Rangek: the second bedroom of the child (queen balance)
  • Kebik Middle: third room of the child (internal balance)

Traditional House in Lampung Slow Pesagi

Source: 2bp

Next up is Pesagi Slow House. This traditional house in Lampung is located in West Lampung. If interpreted, lento means house while Pesagi is Monte Pesagi. Yes, West Lampung is really close to the mountain and it is quite cold.

Pesagi Lamban House Architecture

The traditional house of Lamban Pesagi is in the form of a stage with very large support poles. Since 1994, the inhabitants are proud of the architecture of this traditional house because it was able to survive the earthquake that happened.

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When asked how, the answer is the same as building any other house. Even the people of Lampung do not take into account the amount or type of wood used.

The thing that should be applauded is the public’s knowledge about tie knots and timing in house construction. For example, the construction is carried out during the dry season so that the water content is at a minimum point. In addition, the peg and tie system also makes this house earthquake resistant.

Part of the House Pesagi Lamban

Like other traditional Lampung houses, Lamban Pesagi also has an entrance staircase. The uniqueness of this traditional Lampung house on the staircase is that the number of steps is always odd. It is believed that with an odd number of evil spirits do not approach the house.

The Lamban Pesagi house has a unique roof shape, which resembles Mount Pesagi. Usually, residents use this attic roof to store equipment and valuables.

The room is generally used by residents to chat, rest to make deliberations. It is wider to fit more people.

In contrast to the open space, the closed space is used to rest the residents or guests who come.

Finally there is under the house which is usually used to put firewood. But residents can’t do much here because it is often used for important activities.

Traditional House Nuwo Lunik

Source: infoplg

The name of the last Lampung traditional house is Nuwo Lunik. While Nuwo Balak was dedicated to traditional holders, Nuwo Lunik was built for ordinary people. As the name implies, the size is not too big.

Architecture and Parts of the Nuwo Lunik Traditional House

The shape of Nuwo Lunik is simple, which is like a scene, this house also has a staircase to enter the house. Uniquely, there are different roofs, there are pyramids, pyramids and overturned boats.

This traditional house in Lampung consists of four parts, namely the terrace, the living room, the bedroom and the kitchen. But the kitchen in this house is not separate like Nuwo Balak.

Also read: List, Explanation and Pictures of South Sumatra Traditional Houses