Know the 7 Basic Elements of Interior Design

Know the 7 Basic Elements of Interior Design

Have you heard about the basic elements of interior design? Basically, interior design is a discipline in the branch of fine art that focuses on the layout and design of space in a building. This interior design aims to improve the user experience in the management of space by providing aesthetically pleasing and efficient solutions.

Not only to create beautiful homes, interior design is also said to be able to improve the quality of life of its residents. In its application, there are 7 basic elements of interior design that you should know. Here is the discussion:

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7 Basic elements of interior design

Interior design involves many elements, including the selection of colors, lighting, textures, patterns, shapes and materials used to create functional and visually attractive spaces. Some of the basic elements of important interior design are the following:

1. Spatial element

The first basic element that forms the foundation of interior design is space. Understanding the concept of space is the most important to be able to exploit the space that users have. Users have the opportunity to maximize the three dimensions of the space (length, width, height) as desired in terms of functionality and design.

Discrete space can be divided into two categories: positive space and negative space. The positive space is the space filled with various pieces of furniture, while the negative space is the empty space.

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Maintaining a balance between positive space and negative space is important so that a room does not seem too crowded or too plain. The scale and size of the furniture in the room should also be considered first.

2. Line items

Basically, the lines are divided into four different forms, namely horizontal, vertical and dynamic. The three forms of these lines create different effects to make the room more prominent and attractive. For example, horizontal lines can elongate the look of a room.

So, vertical lines make a room look taller than it really is. So, dynamic lines can bring energy and movement to the structure of the room. Inside the room, these three lines can be created with furniture, decorations and the architectural form of the room.

3. Elements of form

form element or form this is related to the physical form of all the objects in a room that has three dimensions. Basically, these form elements act as forming a room. The form elements consist of geometric and natural shapes.

Geometric shapes can be found in prominent lines and angles that appear to be made by human hands. Meanwhile, natural form refers to organic forms created by nature with a more asymmetrical shape.

4. Lighting elements

Lighting elements play an important role in a room, natural and artificial lighting. In addition to functioning as a light, the lighting elements can also provide definition and highlight an object in the room. Lighting can also shape the character or create a certain atmosphere, for example, it can make a room warmer and more lively.

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The lighting element itself is divided into three types, namely lighting according to its function (task lighting), lighting as an accent (accent lighting), and lighting to create an atmosphere (mood lighting ). It is better if the lighting in a room is adapted to the different activities that will be carried out in the room.

5. Elements of color

Another important basic element of interior design is color. Similar to lighting, color elements can be used to set or build an atmosphere in a room. Color can also present memories and change emotions by stimulating the physical and psychological responses of the user’s body.

For example, the use of natural colors in a room can create a calm and comfortable environment. In addition, the color elements are also able to emphasize the features or objects and make the room seem more spacious and airy.

6. Texture Elements

Next is the element of texture, which in interior design refers to the visible surface of an object. This element can be an object with a soft silk texture or a fibrous linen texture. Texture serves to add detail and focus to furniture and accessories in a room.

Texture elements are divided into two categories, namely visual textures and actual textures. Visual texture means any texture that can be seen by the eye; which could only be obtained after seeing. Meanwhile, the actual structure is all that can be seen, touched, and has three-dimensional characteristics.

7. Model elements

As with structure, pattern elements serve to add to the appeal of a room. Pattern elements can be presented in wallpaper, displayed artwork, furniture, carpets and fabrics. Not only being able to represent the character, choosing the right model elements can also make an empty room more lively and dynamic.


In interior design, there are several basic elements that must be considered to create a functional and visually attractive space. These elements include layout, color, lighting, texture, patterns, shapes and materials.

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By considering and combining these elements, an interior designer can create a room that can meet the needs and desires of customers, create an appropriate atmosphere and provide an attractive and aesthetic appearance. Therefore, an understanding of the basic elements of interior design is very important for any interior designer who wants to create attractive and functional spaces.

These are the 7 basic elements of interior design that are important to learn to improve the arrangement and beauty of a room. Make your dream home come true at Gardens at Candi Sawangan. There are many choices of house types with a minimalist style that combines function and aesthetics.

Not only equipped with various suitable facilities around it, Gardens at Candi Sawangan is also located in a strategic location, easy access and mobility, and surrounded by a beautiful and comfortable environment.

For complete information, you can contact the following numbers (021) 7470 7959 or 0812 9360 6612 (WA) or you can also visit the official Gardens website here.