About NTT Traditional Houses, Complete with Pictures
About the NTT traditional house.
East Nusa Tenggara (NTT), is one of the provinces in Indonesia that is intended for many tourists, local and foreign. Of course, NTT is full of various exotic natural tourist destinations. For example, there are the islands of Flores, Sumba, Komodo, Alor, Timor, and others.
Not only enjoy the beauty, while in NTT you can also experience the educational tours. You can learn about different cultures, such as enjoying and learning about NTT traditional houses. Yes, the uniqueness of this traditional house is the main attraction.
Tourists are willing to spend hours to reach the village where this traditional NTT house is located. The Ende Lio tribe who are local residents also welcomed very friendly. In fact, you can even stay in the traditional house.
Interested, right? For those of you who are curious about the NTT traditional house name with the explanation and pictures, here is the full explanation:
Musalaki Traditional House
The first traditional house from NTT is the Musalaki House. Philosophically, “Mosa” means leader and “man” means adat. The point is that this house is used for the residence of the traditional leader. But coming here, many buildings and even government offices adopt the Musalaki House style. In terms of function, in addition to the residence, the Musalaki Traditional House is also often used for traditional ceremonies or deliberations of the Ende Lio Tribe.
Form of the House of Musalaki
Like most traditional houses in Indonesia, Rumah Musalaki is shaped like a house on stilts. The thing that makes it unique is the shape of the large and high roof that resembles a boat sail. Make no mistake, the roof has the meaning of unity. So the roof-shaped sailboat symbolizes the ancestors as fishermen.
Architecture of the Musalaki House
The Musalaki house is divided into two structures, namely the lower and upper structures.
The lower structure of the Musalaki Traditional House is divided into two, namely the foundation and the floor. On the foundation, people use oval stones that are installed vertically. Such a system is known as leke lewu. The level of strength of leke lewu is very high, even during a disaster the foundation does not crack.
The second is the plan structure or magic structure. It is divided into two, namely the teo tent (hanging terrace) and the koja ndawa (inner room). The height of the floor structure in these two areas is different, usually the koja ndawa is higher than the teo tent. But the material used is the same, namely from wooden boards.
Like the lower structure, the upper structure also has two parts, namely the floor and the roof. On the structure of the upper floor, the people of Ende Lio call it wisu. Wisu is supported by the upper wooden band (isi ine wawo) and the lower wooden band (isi mbasi).
While on the roof, the Musalaki House consists of horses (jara) and wooden bars that connect the wisu and mango poles.
Mbaru Niang Traditional House
The house of Mbaru Niang often appears in different platforms social media. This paradise above the clouds is located in Wae Rebo Traditional Village, Flores. Although it is isolated in the mountains, it is still a favorite of many people to visit. They come in droves to see this traditional house in NTT that still maintains its distinctive value.
The Philosophy of the House of Mbaru Niang
The Mbaru Niang Traditional House has been around since the 18th century. It is inhabited by native residents of Wae Rebo and handed down from generation to generation. So far, there are only 7 traditional houses.
Not arbitrarily, this number is set as a tribute to the 7 directions of the mountains around Wae Rebo Village. People believe that the mountain protects them. These seven houses surround the altar (compang). Usually, compang is used by the community to worship God and ancestors.
The shape of Mbaru Niang’s house
The shape of this traditional house in NTT is very unique. On the roof, the shape resembles a cone that towers from above ground level. The cone signifies the protection and unity of the Wae Rebo village community. The roof is made of lontar covered with fibers. Even so, this roof can protect the residents from many times.
Also, in the plan, the shape is circular which means harmony and justice between the families in Wae Rebo Village.
The architecture of the traditional house of Mbaru Niang
This traditional house in NTT has very simple construction materials. Generally use worok wood and rattan. The manufacturing process is still very traditional, that is with a rattan rope tied in a knot. Even so, this house is resistant to various weather conditions.
Not surprisingly, the Mbaru Niang House received an award from UNESCO Asia-Pacific for the cultural heritage conservation category. This is because its existence is maintained. Also, this traditional NTT house received the Aga Khan award for the architecture category.
Mbaru Minang House Section
This traditional house is divided into five rooms that have different functions. On the first floor, the living room serves as a meeting place for family members. The second room, which is the attic or lobo, is used to store food and everyday tools.
The third floor is used by the family to put the seeds of the garden plants. Later, the fourth floor is used to store ready-made food stores. And the last is the hekang code used to place offerings for the ancestors.
Sao Ata Mosa Lakitana Traditional House
The name of the next NTT traditional house is Sao Ata Mosa Lakitana. This traditional house is often equated with Musalaki because of the words Mosa and Lakinya.
In fact, it is very different because Sao Ata Mosa Lakitana is from Timor. This house is also more widely used as a residence for local residents. In addition, traditional ceremonies and deliberation are often performed in this Sao Ata Mosa Lakitana.
The shape of the house of Sao Ata Mosa Lakitana
In terms of shape, this traditional NTT house is also different from the Musalaki House. In this case, its characteristic is its oval shape like an egg. There is no support pole at the bottom either. And what is unique is that in every house of Sao Ata Mosa Lakitana, there must be a room that is used as a holy place. This room is used for ancestral spirits and at certain times, residents prepare offerings.
Sao Ata Mosa Lakitana House Architecture
Although they are all oval in shape, the Casa Sao Ata Mosa Lakitana is actually divided into three according to the roof pattern.
The first is the joglo-shaped roof used by the Sumbanese. Both are in the conical shape used by the Timorese. And finally in the form of an inverted boat used by the Wheel and Sabu Tribes.
Tent of the House of Sao Ria Bewa Moni Koanara
The name of the last NTT traditional house is Sao Ria Tenda Bewa Moni Koanara. You can find this traditional house in the area of Koanara Village, Kelimutu. NTT. Usually, the Sao House is used as a place for the Ende Lio people to live.
The shape and architecture of the tent of the traditional house of Sao Ria Bewa Moni Koanara
The shape of the Sao Ria Tent Bewa Moni Koanara Traditional House is no less unique than other NTT houses. In this case, you will see that the whole house is covered with a roof made of dry grass.
There are three types of Sao Ria Bewa Moni Houses namely rice house, standard house and residential house. The rice house is used to store agricultural products. While the standard house is a place to store the bones of the ancestors. And the house, as the name implies, is used to house its residents.
Also read: Complete List, Explanation and Pictures of South Sumatra Traditional Houses